The Cutting Edge of Conflict Resolution with Arny and Amy Mindell
By Cat Saunders
Arny and Amy Mindell travel throughout the world facilitating seminars about Process Oriented Psychology. Arny is the author of several books, including Dreambody,
River's Way, The Dreambody in Relationships, City Shadows,
Working on Yourself Alone, Coma: Key to Awakening, and The Shaman's Body.
In addition to his work as a writer, Arny
is an analyst in private practice, the cofounder of the
Center for Process Oriented Psychology (Zurich and Portland),
and a former resident teacher
at Esalen Institute. His wife, Amy, is a therapist who
is best known for her process work in the areas of dance and
philosophy. With Arny, she co-authored
the book, Riding the Horse Backwards.
As a longtime fan of process work, it took two years of occasional but persistent requests to get Arny and Amy to stop long enough to do an interview. It was worth the wait. When my partner, John Giovine, and I arrived at their Portland home, Amy greeted us at the door as if we were old friends. Both John and I were deeply touched by their warmth, humor, and compassion, as well as their devotion to exploring life in all its mystery.
In this interview, I spoke with the Mindells about Arny's book, The Leader as Martial Artist: An Introduction to Deep Democracy (HarperSanFrancisco).
Cat: In your
book, you introduce the concept of "timespirits." How did you come up with
Arny: Timespirit ideas arose from our work
as conflict and town meeting facilitators for organizations. The idea comes
form three influences, one of which is indigenous thinking. All over the
world, indigenous people understand that the "field" of their community is
populated not only by people, but by ghosts and spirits. They talk to these
spirits and work with them all the time.
Indigenous people understand that
these spirits sometimes get into people, so people are seen as being partially
representative of these spirits. In other words, the feelings we have do
belong to us as individuals, and yet at the same time, they may be connected
to spirits in the field.
Another aspect of the timespirit idea comes from practical work with today's conflict situations. People in groups may find that when they are in a conflict, they may feel certain things, but they don't feel only one
particular thing. For example, a woman in a group may experience feelings
related to her own position, but part of her may also identify with some
of the things her opponent is saying.
If you can accept
that these different positions are just timespirits "floating around" in the room, you may feel freer to let yourself have more than one feeling at a time. Obviously, it facilitates conflict work if people can be supported to participate in bothor manysides
of a difficult situation.
A third idea that
contributes to the concept of timespirit is the German word "zeitgeist," which, directly translated, means "zeit" for time, and "geist" for spirit, or more specifically, "spirit of the times." For
example, New Age concepts are a spirit of the times, just like democracy
and communism are also spirits of the times.
Cat: It sounds like the timespirit concept can help people shift more fluidly between viewpoints, instead of getting stuck in one position. What happens when you work with groups where there is massive denial, where no one even acknowledges that there are any other viewpoints underneath the surface?
Arny: Every group
is in denial of things which don't go along with its vision. Every group
has a visionwhether they identify with it or notand they deny
everything in themselves that doesn't go along with that vision. For example,
the United States has the vision of democracy, among other things.
the things the United States denies is the Preamble to the Constitution,
which talks about King George. King George was the bad guy, the English tyrant
against whom the United States fought. One thing the United States denies
is King George in the United States! In other words, our tendency to colonize
the world is denied.
So we start with
groups by celebrating their vision. We encourage them by saying, "Your vision
is a great vision! Having the vision of democracy, you want to be open to
every part of yourselves, including the tyrant!"
Cat: You sneak in the door.
Arny: Yes. You start with people's consciousness before you work with their unconscious.
Cat: In The Leader as Martial Artist, you
mention working with a group of a couple hundred people in San Francisco.
They got really hot and started fighting, and at some point, you encouraged
them to feel free to hurt each other.
Amy: That was the workshop we did right before the Gulf War, and we encouraged people to follow what was happening.
Arny: Yes. If you're not going to listen and be peaceful like your vision
says, if you're really all angry and miserable, then go ahead and kill
each other. Know what you're doing and do it! But when we said this, people
got shocked. They didn't realize what they were doing! That's the awareness
After that, they
said, "Oh, we don't want to do that!" And I said, "Well, okay, then, I thought
Cat: You took the voice of their anger, and made it even louder, more visible.
Arny: That's right. It's process work. Whatever's happening is the key. It's so simple. It's just hard to keep awake. I can't always do it, and Amy can't always do it.
Amy: It can be surprising, and sometimes, being in a group can make you go into an altered state. So, to see what's happening and bring it out can be very difficult.
Cat: What about when it's really scary? How about that situation you describe in your book, when you ask people to consider what they would do if they were trapped on an airplane with a terrorist. What would you do?
Arny: I would say
that I really understand. I would say, "You're not a terrorist. You're a
freedom fighter! You're fighting for something that is terribly important
to you. Everyone you know in your family has probably been killed by people
you're angry with, and the one thing you can think of now is to kill everybody.
You're so full of vengeance. Vengeance is such a pleasure!"
We worked with a
terrorist group in Belfast, and this kind of work has an immense effect on
peopleeven terrorists who are out to kill people. If you sit there
like a typical American who doesn't like conflict, and who thinks that terrorists
are just crazy, then they'll shoot you, too!
Instead, you can say you understand vengeance. After all, everybody's had relationships. Vengeance isn't so far away! Terrorism is not the least bit far away from anybody.
When we talked with the terrorists like this, they started talking, and they started crying. They helped us learn a lot about the spirit of the times. If the spirit is vengeance, there is no religion on earth that can work its way through vengeance by sitting there and saying that vengeance is wrong. Vengeance is just another spirit that needs to be worked with.
Amy: Yes. No one ever listens to terrorists, so when they are finally heard, the process begins to change. They begin to wonder if there is something else they can do, something that would be even more useful, to make the world a better place to live.
Cat: That's incredible. Amy, I love this statement from The Leader as Martial Artist: "Harmony
is a beautiful state, but it is not nearly as powerful as awareness."
is a momentary state, but it's such a pleasant state, that everybody gets
attracted to itlike and addictionand they hold onto it. Harmony is good, but it lasts only a short time, because everybody is always changing and growing. Awareness is a much more interesting thing, because life is wild!
Life is a wild flux of changing identities. There's nothing new in that. But putting it into practice is different than just saying it, because you need a lot of awareness and courage to pick up new ideas that other peopleor youdon't
want to think about.
I don't think anybody really wants harmony. They're just afraid of leaving it! Besides, when people hang on to harmony too long, what's repressed is diversity. It's not only different ideas that are repressed, but also, any groups that aren't mainstream in a given culture are utterly repressed by so-called harmony. In our culture, it's poverty, it's the blacks, it's the Hispanics, it's the gays and lesbians, it's different religions. All these people are repressed under this harmony idea.
Cat: You've said that minorities hold the key to the future.
Arny: The minority
positionsthe non-mainstream positionsare the teachers, because they bring up things the mainstream doesn't want to consider. People say, "Well,
you've forgotten the blacks. Or, listen, you're in a man-woman relationship!
You guys forgot that. You think you're everything!"
are helping people in the "harmonious" mainstream to awaken. The mainstream should look for its great teachers in the minority groups. Our great teachers are real people, suffering difficulties, bringing up parts that we have repressed not only in the outer world, but in ourselves as well.
One of the reasons that blacks are having such a difficult time is not just because the blacks have been so severely repressed, but because the whites repress their own "blackness"their own energy, their own "color." And
they refuse to notice difference and trouble!
Cat: You mentioned that you feel a lot of psychological communities are racist and sexist if they are just doing inner work. Would you elaborate?
Arny: Yes. They're racist if they don't encourage or deal directly with diversity. Mainstream psychological circles may experiment with it, but when they do, they don't really have people talk to one another or argue with one another. Typically, white groups don't like anger, so they don't know how to deal with conflict very well. Psychological and spiritual groups which put down anger need to grow.
A lot of psychological circles also tend to be sexist. For example, they may say that women who have opinions of their own are in the animus. That's a sexist attitude. Also, classical, analytical psychological circles have looked at gays and lesbians as being neurotic. I don't know what to say about that idea. It's not only sexist, it's outdated.
There's another problem with mainstream groups that focus only on inner work, in that they typically don't have anything to do with global matters. They may idealize, or they may write critical books about the world situation and about how everyone ought to be different. But they rarely go out and sit in the difficulties.
I would like to make a challenge to all of these psychological and spiritual people who have their hearts in the right spot. I would challenge them to experiment with going into difficult conflict-like situations in their families or in the world around them, and from that position, see if they can put their beliefs into practice.
I would ask them not to avoid conflict situations by retreating to ashrams and psychological circles, or to little modem shamanic circles where things are more or less agreed upon in advance. Instead, go out where it's really difficult and see if you can practice psychology, see if you can practice shamanism, see if you can practice Buddhism. That's where we need the help!
This interview was originally published
in The New Times (August
Arnold Mindell, Ph.D., and Amy Mindell, Ph.D.,
may be contacted via their Web site at www.aamindell.net.
Cat Saunders, Ph.D., is a counselor and consultant, death and dying researcher, and nonsectarian
minister in private practice in Seattle, Washington. She is the author of Dr.
Cat's Helping Handbook (available at Amazon.com).
Click here to contact Cat or learn more about
her work by returning to the home page. To schedule
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